It is possible to treat a bed bug infestation yourself without spending a fortune. You must be diligent and committed to the treatment process, but you can eliminate bed bug yourself! There has been a resurgence of bed bugs in recent years, and this has increased the interest on how to get rid of an infestation.
NOTE: Depending on the stage of the infestation, it may be possible to get rid of bed bugs using natural means. If the infestation has taken hold, however, these methods may not work.
What is bed bug how do they look like?
Bedbugs are small, oval, brownish insects that live on the blood of animals or humans. Adult bedbugs have flat bodies about the size of an apple seed. After feeding, however, their bodies swell and are a reddish color.
Bedbugs do not fly, but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. Female bedbugs may lay hundreds of eggs, each of which is about the size of a speck of dust, over a lifetime.
How to detect a bed bug bite?
If a person is bitten by a bed bug, they may notice spots of blood on the sheet. Symptoms of a bite include lesions, wheals on their skin that can reach 5 centimeters in diameter, and intense itching.
Bites usually happen overnight, because the mattress is infested. Bed bugs tend to hide along the mattress piping and to live within 8 feet of where people sleep.
Bed bugs start as eggs and pass through juvenile to adult stages. They grow from 1 millimeter (mm) to 5 mm in length.
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Steps on How to get rid of bed bug.
Preparing a Room for Bed Bug Treatment.
Before you begin your own bed bug treatment, you will need to prepare the room or rooms where bed bugs have been found, in addition to rooms that share walls with the infested rooms.
Few steps to prepare a room.
- Strip the bed linen directly into a double plastic bag, to reduce the chance of spreading the bugs.
- Wash bedding in hot water for at least 30 minutes and then dry at a high temperature for 30 minutes.
- Seal and discard the inner plastic bag when you put the linen in the washer.
- Vacuum to remove any remaining bed bugs and eggs as far as possible. This may not remove deeply harbored bed bugs.
- Dispose of the contents of the vacuum cleaner outside, into a sealable plastic bag.
Ensure the bed frame is free of bugs by spraying it with a pesticide.
Treat Your Mattress get rid Bed Bug and Encasement.
The second key element to isolating the bed from bugs is encasement. You encase the box spring and mattress in a fabric that traps the bugs inside and prevents introduction from outside.
Encasement removes hiding areas and makes it easier to spot bed bugs. This helps prevent infestations of new mattresses.
Special zippered sheets are used to achieve this. The cost of these commercially available products is lower than the cost of a replacement mattress. Encasement should be left on for at least one year.
To get rid of bed bugs in a mattress, Ensure mattress to dry before remaking the bed with freshly laundered sheets that have been run through a dryer on high heat.
Heat & cold system to get rid of bed bug.
Laundering in hot water is an effective way of killing bed bugs on fabrics.
Bed bugs die when their body temperature is over 45° Celsius, or 113° Fahrenheit. Exposing the bugs for an hour to temperatures higher than these can kill all stages. At temperatures over 60°C (140°F), all bed bugs are killed rapidly.
Heating a room is unlikely to work, because of the high temperatures needed. It may also spread an infestation, because bed bugs will seek the cooler areas in the room, beyond the reach of the heat.
Bed bugs can be killed by cold temperatures, but it requires temperatures below -18°C (0°F) for at least 4 days in order for the cold to penetrate an object and kill all the bugs and eggs, Smaller items that may contain bed bugs can be put in a suitably cold freezer and the 4-day period should be counted from when the center of the object reaches -18°C (0°F) This takes longer for bulkier objects.
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Kill Live, Active Bed Bugs.
We recommend spraying Steri-Fab in areas where live bed bugs are visible Steri-Fab combines a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide and isopropyl alcohol to kill bed bugs fast on contact. Steri-Fab also acts as a sanitizer. Steri-Fab does not leave any residual, meaning it can be applied virtually anywhere. Simply shake well, then apply to desired treatment areas. Insect mortality is imminent, generally within 10 minutes of spraying.
Prevention and control of bed bug
Reduce clutter: A tidy home that is free from clutter will have fewer hiding places for bed bugs.
Avoid Second-hand furniture: Second-hand furniture and bedding should be avoided or checked carefully before bringing it into the house.
Fill the cracks: Use metals and plastics to fill cracks and crannies instead of wood.
Travel check: Bugs can travel in suitcases and other bags after a vacation or visit to a home that has an infestation. Check a hotel room for signs of bugs before settling in.
Preventing spread: Use interceptor devices, such as traps and encasement, to isolate beds.